Tooth implant. Problems.
A dental implant is a dental technique used to replace one or more missing teeth. This procedure is in effect an operation, which requires a lot of experience on the part of the dentist or surgeon, as well as extreme skill.
Like any other surgery, it is associated with risks, and it is very important that the patient is aware of what will be expected.
There are different types of dental implants, traditional, mini or micro implants, and there are various procedures to provide them. The differences obviously depend on the needs and condition of the patient, and the dentist decides how to proceed from time to time.
In general, we can say a dental implant consists of a titanium screw and an abutment; the screw must be inserted into the jawbone in place of the root of the tooth. Then it will act as a new root and therefore must merge completely into the bone and become an integral part of it.
This melting process is called osseointegration and is the main and most delicate step of the procedure.
Some of the problems that may occur during or subsequent to the insertion of an implant are related to the success of the osseointegration process.
Dental implants procedure.
Depending on the type of procedure, the process can take several months as a few hours, but if the implant is badly positioned, the process may fail.
Several factors can cause the failure of osseointegration including incorrect positioning, insufficient bone density or volume, overloading, damage to surrounding tissues, external force, sudden impact, fractured implants or even a reaction to anaesthesia.
We also have to say that before an implant can integrate properly into a jawbone, there must be a healthy volume and density of bone present. For patients who lack adequate bone height, width or length, there are procedures such as a sinus lift or bone graft, that can add to the treatment time and cost.
Another of the most serious problems that can occur is the onset of infections, which may be caused by several factors.
Peri-implantitis, or infection, can set in when bacteria is present during oral surgery or any time post-surgery without proper dental hygiene. It can also be caused by the dental cement used to secure crowns onto the abutments.
Dental implants problems. Inflammations.
It is a condition that involves inflammation of the gum or bone. It can sometimes be treated, but in most cases, the implant must be removed. Patients with diabetes, smokers, patients with thin gums and those with poor oral hygiene are at greater risk of developing the infection.
Another possible but rare problem is damage to the tissue surrounding the implant, specifically the nerves. In almost all cases, this problem is caused by mistakes made by an inexperienced dentist.