The shape and position of the teeth are genetic characteristics which vary from person to person, and the problems related to the alignment or the size of the teeth are very widespread.
Very often the teeth are crowded, are too large compared to the palate, the dental arches do not match or there are problems of malocclusion.
Sometimes the issues are minor and concern only the space between the teeth or other small imperfections.
Treating crooked teeth may seem only a question of aesthetics, but it does not. Misaligned teeth can produce numerous consequences to the digestive system, the musculoskeletal system and cause muscle pains in the neck and head.
Moreover, straight teeth are easier to clean, and it reduces the chance of plaque build up and the experience of tooth decay. Chewing and speaking are better, and of course, there may be an improvement in self-esteem.
Typically, crooked teeth are corrected in adolescence, but nowadays you can take action on almost every kind of problem at any age, you just need to find a specialist orthodontist and patience the time required for the teeth acquire their new location.
For small children, or for those with more serious problems, the most widely used device are the traditional metal braces, which are the cheapest and fastest, although they are the most visible option.
For adults or for those with mild crowding today there are many types of alternatives braces which are almost invisible and do the best to their function.
These are, for example, ceramic braces, which have the same size and shape as metal braces, except that they have tooth-colored or clear brackets that blend into teeth. Some even use tooth-colored wires to be even less noticeable. Or lingual braces, which brackets and wires are placed on the inside of teeth.
For those patients who do not want to wear braces, there are removable retainers, that can be removed for special events or occasional relief, or Invisalign, that are mouth guard-like clear plastic aligners.
Damon braces are another kind of device less noticeable and cosmetically acceptable.
There are actually many types of treatments for those who want to straighten their teeth without resorting to traditional braces.
To choose the best treatment you must take your orthodontist and get a plan about the times and above all the expenses.
In this case, orthodontic treatments are often very expensive and not refundable, except for children, but it is possible to find discounts or concessions due to dental insurance or payment plans provided by dentists.