A broken tooth is a severe condition that can affect the overall health and the proper functions of the teeth, for these reasons it is important to go to the dentist as soon as possible if we understand that a tooth may have been cracked or broken; if a tooth is cracked or also chipped, a timely treatment can be very important to save the tooth and avoid worst consequences.
There are different levels of damage that can occur and for many reasons; usually, a cracked tooth is restored with dental filling or bonding, crowns, dental veneers or root canal treatments; if the damage is too much extended, the tooth can’t be saved and must be extracted.
Cracked teeth. Causes.
The main causes for a tooth to crack or to break are injuries and facial traumas, caused if we fall down, bite on something hard, or if we are hit in the face; otherwise, the enamel of a tooth might be too much damaged by a cavity or by a large filling.
Usually, symptoms of a cracked tooth are an erratic pain when chewing, possibly with the release of biting pressure, or pain when the tooth is exposed to hot or cold; in many cases, the pain may come and go.
Depending on the type of damage, there are different dental treatments to restore the tooth; the dentist will treat it.
If a tooth is broken because of a trauma and it bleeds, we have to see a dentist or go to a hospital emergency room as soon as possible, since the nerve might be damaged too, and the broken tooth may be sharp and cause wounds to the tongue.
Minor cracks, crazer lines, and minor chips affect only the enamel and are very common in adults teeth; these conditions only require a polishing of the area, or the dentist may use filling materials to repair the chips and prevent them to getting worst.
A fractured cups, or broken cups, is when a piece of a tooth’s chewing surface breaks off, often around a filling: in this case, the dentist can place a new filling or apply a crown over the tooth to protect it.
More severe damages are a cracked tooth or a split tooth; a crack may form on the chewing surface of the tooth and has to be treated as soon as possible, because the tooth is not yet split in two parts but the crack can extend from the chewing surface toward the root and results in a split tooth. If the crack has extended into the pulp, the tooth can be treated with a root canal procedure and a crown.